General complications associated with surgery.
- Healing. Certain diseases, nutritional supplements or medications can delay the normal healing of the wounds. Patients who have suffered a massive loss of weight may have a delayed healing or dehiscence of the wounds, infection, requiring prolonged spiatalization and additional surgical procedures. Patients who suffer from diabetes or are under long-lasting treatments with steroids may have a delayed healing. Smoking may cause delayed healing and the need for additional surgical procedure. Healing may be delayed and inflammation or bleeding or a surgical procedure with long-term general anesthesia. There are nerve endings that can be trapped in the scar associated with the healing and may cause pain or hypersensitivity even if larger nerve trunks are not harmed. Massage and other nonsurgical procedures applied at the beginning of the healing process can relieve these pains. It is important to discuss the appearance related to postoperative pain with the surgeon.
- Bleeding and hematoma. There may be episodes of bleeding during surgery or post operative. In most cases, they are an exception. If a postoperative bleeding occurs there may be a need for an emergency treatment for accumulated blood drainage or it may be necessary to transfusion the bloodstream, these complications are really rare in the case of this operation. It is imposter to follow the postoperative instructions and not perform physical activities within the specified time period. It is forbidden to administer non-steroidal aspirin or anti-inflammatory (Nurofen) for 10 days before and after surgery as they may increase the risk of bleeding. Nutritional supplements or herbal medicines may increase the risk of bleeding. A hematoma can occur within the first 2 weeks after surgery usually after the physical trauma of the operated place. Bruising (Vanatai) is expected after surgery that should disappear within 2 weeks of surgery.
- Infection. It’s an unusual complication after surgery. If the infection occurs, it will be given an antibiotic and it may be necessary to hospitalize and additional surgical procedure. It is important that patients indicate if they have undergone an infection during the period of surgery. Infections in other parts of the body can lead to infection of the site operated.
- Vicious, hypertrophic scars. All kinds of surgeries leave scars some more noticeable than others. After surgical procedures is expected a good healing although abnormal scarring can occur both at the level of piels and deep tissues. Although it tries to place scars in less noticeable places it is a small chance that they are visible different as color to the skin in the vicinity. The appearance of the scars can vary on its surface, can be asymmetric (may look different left side with right). There is a possibility of visible scars left by the suture wires. Deep tissue scars can become painful sometimes requiring overhaul or additional procedures to improve their quality.
- Alteration of skin sensation. It is common to decrease (loss) of the sensitivity of the skin in the operating area. Diminishing sensitivity may not be resolved entirely. Itching, sensitivity or exaggerated response to hot or cold can occur after surgery. These symptoms resolve after a period variable post surgical time but in rare cases can become chronic.
- Sutures. In addition to the sutures at the skin level that are seen, deep suture is used. These deep sutures can be felt under the skin and can be externalisation through the skin becoming visible and producing inflammation requiring their removal.
- Pain. The pain is going to be one of the symptoms present after the surgery. The pain of different variety and intensity can persist after surgery. After surgery chronic pain occurs very rarely and is due to nerve endings trapped in the scar or due to tissue stretching.
Complications due to general anesthesia.
- General anesthesia. Local anesthesia But mostly general associates risks to the patient. The possibility of respiratory distress, cardiorespirators, anaphylactic shock allergies or even death is very rare in all forms of anesthesia associated with surgery.
- Shock. In very rare circumstances surgical procedure can cause trauma, especially when extensive multiple procedures are carried out. Even though serious complications are rare, excessive fluid loss infections can lead to serious illnesses. If surgical shock occurs hospitalization and additional treatment are necessary.
- Allergic reactions. In rare cases have been reported, allergy to dressings to suture material glue, blood products, agents manage intravenously, local crème. Serious systemic reactions like anaphylactic shock may occur in response to medications administered during or prescribed post-operative surgery. Allergic reactions may require additional treatments.
- Cardiac and pulmonary complications. Pulmonary complications may occur secondary to blood clots (pulmonary emboli) of fat (fat emboli) or partial collapse of the lungs (Atelectazia) after general anesthesia. Pulmonary emboli may endanger the patient’s life in certain circumstances. Inactivity of sedentarism smoking anticonceptionals and other conditions can increase the incidence of blood clots that reach the lungs and cause death. It is important to discuss with the surgeon any symptoms like inflammation of the legs or blood clots in other body parts because they can contribute to the formation of pulmonary emillness. Cardiac complications are a risk associated with any general anesthesia and surgery even for patients without symptoms and healthy. If you suffer from fatigue or shortness of breath when taking effort, chest pain, beating of arrhythmic Hearts should be consulted immediately by a doctor. If any of these complications arise you will require hospitalization and additional treatments. In the case of healthy patients without associated diseases these complications are very rare.